Areas of

At Advantage, we follow the government’s Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework, which ensures your child’s early years’ experience is fun, happy, active and secure.

What are the EYFS areas of learning?

The aim of the EYFS is for every child from birth to five to have ‘the best possible start in life and be given the support that enables them to fulfil their potential’.

At Advantage we provide a safe, secure, stimulating and inclusive learning environment for all children, and work in partnership with parents throughout each child’s learning journey at Advantage.

We use the statutory educational programmes as a basis for all learning. It sets out seven areas of learning. They are used to plan your child’s daily activities and experiences. The seven areas of learning are divided into three Prime Areas and four Specific Areas.

Prime Areas:

  • Communication and language
  • Physical development
  • Personal, social and emotional development

Specific Areas:

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the world
  • Expressive arts and design

Communication and Language

“The development of children’s spoken language underpins all 7 areas of learning and development.”
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

Through positive, sensitive interactions and a language-rich environment, children’s communications skills, both verbally and non-verbally, are supported to develop over time.

Regular stories, rhyme time, role play opportunities and day-to-day conversations, all enable children to develop and embed a richer range of vocabulary and language structures, as well as listening and understanding skills.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

“Children’s personal, social and emotional development (PSED) is crucial for children to lead healthy and happy lives, and is fundamental to their cognitive development.”
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

During the early years, children begin to learn to manage their own emotions and develop their personal skills with growing independence. Adults provide warm, supportive relationships to enable children to make secure attachments and develop a positive sense of self.

Children grow in confidence as they play and interact with others and start to make friends. Children are taught life skills such as washing hands, self-serving their own lunch and more on a daily basis.

Having a healthy body and mind is also promoted with regular discussions and activities around brushing their teeth, healthy eating, how to express their feelings and emotions and how to work through conflicts with others.

Physical Development

“Physical activity is vital in children’s all round development, enabling them to pursue happy, healthy and active lives.”
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

Beyond spending time outdoors daily minimum in our gardens, we also plan a wider range of activities to promote the development of our children’s gross and fine motor skills.

We use a variety of fun and creative ways to develop children’s movement, their strength, balance, spatial awareness, handling, hand-eye coordination and self-care. Pulling up on climbing frames, sliding down our big helter skelter slide, tummy time for babies, dancing to music or exploring our Jungle Gym all support the development and progress of these key skills.

In addition, your child will develop and strengthen their fine motor skills through many activities, including preparing their own snack, playdough play, mark making activities and using real tools for wood work and Forest School activities.


“It is critical for children to develop a life-long love of reading… It only develops when adults talk with children about the world around them and the books (stories and non fiction) they read with them, and enjoy poems and songs together.”
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

Reading a wide range of books and singing at nursery is an important part of our day, every day. Staff share their excitement for story telling with children by using story sacks, a variety of props and acting out favourite stories with the children.

Older children delve into books through extended conversations, learning about the author, illustrator and various features of the book. Learning a wide variety of vocabulary is crucial to success for future learning. Learning that print has meaning is key to future reading skills.

Early mark making is encouraged in many ways from painting with cars in the builders tray to easel painting to drawing to early writing for a purpose eg. making a shopping list or beginning to write their name. Activities that develop whole arm, hand and finger muscles, ready for holding a pencil effectively, continue across all age groups. These include playdough and clay play, action songs, dance and more.


“Children will develop a secure base of knowledge and vocabulary from which mastery of mathematics is built.”
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

Learning about numbers, shapes and concepts such as more or less, bigger or smaller, are all part of the necessary building blocks to mastery of mathematics.

Maths for young children is inherent in everyday activities such as setting the table for lunch, counting how many children are in the room that day, singing number rhymes and noticing and talking about shapes in the environment. Older children also practice their maths skills in cooking activities with staff and on occasion with our chefs in the kitchen.

Adults support the development of a continually widening mathematical vocabulary, modelling language and encouraging children to use this in their own play.

Understanding the World

“Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their world and their community.”
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

Children experience the natural world around them through daily outdoor play and being part of the ever changing environment through the seasons. Children take part in growing activities such as ‘Jack and the Beanstalk’. They chase bubbles in the wind, collect rain in containers and when it snows, make snowballs and snow angels.

Staff support children to celebrate their family events and cultures, helping them make connections and develop an awareness of others within our nursery and their local community. Our diverse range of resources enables an inclusive environment representing all our children and their families.

Technology is used to stimulate learning alongside hands-on experiences. Older children learn about the world, as well as maths, literacy and IT skills through the use of our ‘Touch & Tilt’ interactive tables. Younger children share experiences with adults looking at their learning journey photos on an iPad.

Expressive Arts and Design

“The development of children’s artistic and cultural awareness supports their imagination and creativity”.
(Statutory Framework for EYFS, 2021.)

Imagination and self expression through creative activities such as music, dance, art and role play lead to growing self-confidence and an expanding vocabulary.

Children have daily opportunities both inside and outside to create. They develop an understanding of using tools safely as well as learning a variety of techniques to build and make. Alongside daily music opportunities, children also experience singing, performing and playing instruments with our ‘Singing Chef’. They learn a sense of rhythm and rhyme through music and movement.

Junk modelling, collage materials and transient art all enable children to use open ended resources to create pictures, 3D models and patterns. They explore colour, texture and shape. Older children work collaboratively eg. building a whole city, from a variety of resources.